Acupuncture (Latin: acus - needle, punctura - to prick) is a therapeutic method known since the Neolithic period. Often a complement to modern western medicine, it has originally been a part of the traditional Chinese medicine system. This method involves puncturing specific points on the patient's body with special needles.
Chinese medicine distinguishes about 360 acupoints. According to it, the vital energy, Qi ("chi"), circulates our bodies, meridians (energy channels) and blood vessels. As long as this flow isn't inhibited by stress, infection or mechanical trauma - qi reaches all the organs and cells of the body.
The "point" of acupuncture :)
Acupuncture relieves pain, increases blood circulation, relaxes and restores normal mobility. It affects the human body in three ways:
- Local effect involves dilating blood vessels, causing them to change diameter and restoring their normal permeability.
- Segmental reaction, based on the reflexes of tissues located in the same and neighboring metamers of the body.
- Centrifugal action, occurs due to the release of endorphins that takes place during acupuncture and direct stimulation of the brain's nerve centers.
In primitive times, sharp pieces of rocks, stone knives, bones, fishbones and sharpened bamboo were used for acupuncture. It was much later that metal needles made of bronze - and eventually gold and silver - started being used.
Today, we usually use steel acupuncture needles. They vary in length, diameter and handle - which itself can be made of steel, copper, silver, gold - or even plastic, when talking about short cosmetic needles.
Indications for the use of acupuncture:
- Muscular and neurological pains,
- Migraines and headaches,
- Degenerative ailments,
- Sciatica, radiculitis,
- Osteoarticular inflammatory conditions,
- Sinus pain, dental pain,
- Lower back pain,
- Post-operative nausea,
- Vascular diseases (Bürger's disease, Raynaud's disease, etc.).
- Labor pains and indigestion in pregnant women,
- Vasculitis of the veins,
- Painful menstrual periods and premenstrual syndrome (PMS),
- States of chronic stress, neuroses, addictions,
- Bronchial asthma, coronary artery disease,
- Chronic inflammation of the digestive system,
- Other painful conditions.
Contraindications for the use of acupuncture:
- Skin diseases, ulcers, skin damage, infectious lesions,
- Implanted pacemaker (electrostimulation), some heart diseases,
- Blood clotting disorders,
- Uncompensated hypertension,
- Metastatic cancer,
- Acute chronic abdominal pain,
- Pregnancy (relative contraindication),
- Menstrual bleeding,
- Severe physical exhaustion, exhaustion of the body,
- After taking narcotics, psychotropic drugs, alcohol,
- Respiratory diseases,
- Tuberculosis, hemophilia, sarcoidosis,
- Mental illnesses,
- Febrile states.